July 9

Events in Women’s History

Sophia Peabody Hawthorne

Sophia Peabody Hawthorne (source)

1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to Anne of Cleves.

1842 – Sophia Peabody, a painter, illustrator and author in her own right, marries Nathaniel Hawthorne

Births

Ann Radcliffe

Ann Radcliffe (source)

1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as wife of Christian III (d. 1571)

1764 – Ann Radcliffe, English novelist, pioneer of the Gothic novel , credited with helping to make the Gothic novel respectable (d. 1823)

1811 – Fanny Fern, American author and columnist, known for her fictional autobiography, Ruth Hall, and her columns appearing in the New York Ledger, one of the highest paid columnists in the United States by 1855 (d. 1872)

1858 – Kaikhusrau Jahan, a notable and progressive Begum of Bhopal, she ruled from 1901 to 1926, making numerous improvements in the living conditions of her people, specifically in the areas of education and public health. (d. 1930)

1894 – Dorothy Thompson, American journalist and radio broadcaster, first American journalist expelled from Nazi Germany in 1934, recognized by Time magazine in 1939 as the second most influential woman in America after Eleanor Roosevelt (d. 1961)

1901 – Dame Barbara Cartland, British author and media personality, wrote over 700 books with more than 750 million copies sold, known for Victorian-era romance (d. 2000)

1926 – Mathilde Krim, Italian-born American medical researcher, founding chair of amfAR, an association for AIDS research, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, given by the Jefferson Awards

1935 – Mercedes Sosa, Argentine singer and activist, recipient of several Grammy Awards and a posthumous Latin Grammy for Bet Folk Album, UNICEF ambassador (d. 2009)

1936 – June Jordan, American poet, writer, educator and activist, columnist for The Progressive, librettist for the musical I Was Looking at the Ceiling and Then I Saw the Sky, recipient of numerous awards including the Achievement Award for International Reporting from the National Association of Black Journalists (d. 2002)

Deaths

Alice Paul c. 1915 (source)

Alice Paul c. 1915 (source)

1774 – Anna Morandi Manzolini, Italian anatomist, lecturer and sculptor, lectured in anatomy at the University of Bologna, known for anatomical wax models (b. 1714)

1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani surgeon, author and politician, one of the leading founders of Pakistan, co-founder of the Pakistan Women’s Association; as sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the first Governor General of Pakistan, she is referred to as “Mother of the Nation”. (b. 1893)

1977Alice Paul, American suffragette, feminist and women’s rights activist, one of the leaders of the final push to gain women’s suffrage, one of the founders of the National Woman’s Party, author of the Equal Rights Amendment, inducted posthumously into the National Women’s Hall of Fame (b. 1885)

1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author, known for her essay compilations and the book Our Hearts Were Young and Gay which was made into a movie of the same name (b. 1899)

1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)

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