June 10

Events in Women’s History

Bridget Bishop (source)

Bridget Bishop (source)

1692 – Bridget Bishop is the first person hanged in the Salem witch trials of 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts.

1963 – The Equal Pay Act of 1963 is signed into law in the United States.

Births

Princess Caroline Elizabeth by Jacopo Amigoni (source)

Princess Caroline Elizabeth by Jacopo Amigoni (source)

1713 – Princess Caroline of Great Britain, daughter of George II and Caroline of Ansbach (d. 1757)

1825 – Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, Duchess of Teschen as wife of Albert (d. 1864)

1833 – Pauline Cushman, American actress and spy for the Union during the American Civil War, awarded the rank of Brevet Major by General James A Garfield ( 1893)

1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, American author, lecturer, politician and activist, first woman to serve in the United States Senate (although for only one day), known for her support for lynching and white supremacy  (d. 1930)

1895 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress and singer, first African American to receive an Academy Award (d. 1952)

1897 – Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia, daughter of Nicholas II and Alexandra, headed Red Cross committees during WWI and nursed soldiers during WWII until her arrest with her family (d. 1918)

1918 – Patachou, French singer and actress, Officier of the Légion d’honneur

1922 – Judy Garland, American actress and singer, Academy Award nominee, recipient of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement and a Grammy Lietime Achievement Award, known for her role as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (d. 1969)

1938 – Violetta Villas, Belgian-Polish musician, songwriter, actress and composer, born Czesława Gospodarek,  (d. 2011)

Deaths

Margaret Abbott c. 1900 (source)

Margaret Abbott c. 1900 (source)

1692 – Bridget Bishop, American colonist executed for witchcraft (b. 1632)

1929 – Hélène Smith, French psychic, known as “the Muse of Automatic Writing”, claimed to be the reincarnation of a Hindu princess and Marie Antoinette (b. 1861)

1949 – Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928, known for  Kristin Lavransdatter, a trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages (b. 1882)

1955 – Margaret Abbott, American golfer and Olympic medalist, first American woman to win a gold medal in the Olympics (b. 1876)

1958 – Angelina Weld Grimké, American journalist, poet, and playwright, part of the Harlem Renaissance, named for her father’s aunt Angelina Grimké Weld (b. 1880)

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