June 12

Events in Women’s History

1948 – The Women’s Armed Services Integration Act is signed into law allowing women to serve as regular members of the United States armed forces. Prior to this they could only serve during times of war.

Births

Johanna Spyri c. 1870 (source)

Johanna Spyri c. 1870 (source)

1802 – Harriet Martineau, English sociologist and author, known as the first female sociologist and for the feminist perspective in her writings (d. 1876)

1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author, known for her children’s book Heidi (d. 1901)

1908 – Marina Semyonova, Russian ballet dancer, first Soviet-trained prima ballerina, named a People’s Artist of the USSR (d. 2010)

1912Eva Crane, British researcher and author, known as an expert on bees and apiculture (d. 2007)

1922 – Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist and author, administrator of the Trieste Astronomical Observatory, member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei and the Italian Union of Rationalist Atheists and Agnostics (d. 2013)

1924 – Grete Dollitz, German-American classical guitarist, educator, and radio host; she also translated Letters from the Depression: Part 1, about her family’s experiences as immigrants. (d. 2013)

1929 – Brigid Brophy, British author, critic, social reformer and animal rights activist, known for Hackenfeller’s Ape and Mozart the Dramatist (d. 1995)

1929 – Anne Frank, Dutch author and Holocaust victim, known for her diary detailing her experiences during WWII, The Diary of Anne Frank (d. 1945)

1930 – Barbara Harris, American minister and Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, first woman ordained a bishop in the Anglican Communion (retired)

1931 – Rona Jaffe, American author, known for The Best of Everything and Mazes and Monsters (d. 2005)

1932 – Mimi Coertse, South African operatic soprano

Deaths

Teresa Carreño c. 1903 by Julius Schaarwächter (source)

Teresa Carreño c. 1903 by Julius Schaarwächter (source)

918Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians as wife of Æthelred, daughter of Alfred the Great, king of Wessex and Ealhswith, ruled in her own right from her husbands death in 911 until 918 (b. circa 870)

1900 – Lucretia Peabody Hale, American journalist and author (b. 1820)

1917 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer, pianist, composer and conductor; she composed over 40 works for piano, voice, choir and orchestra. (b. 1853)

2012 – Elinor Ostrom, American political economist, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics for 2009 (b. 1933)

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