Events in Women’s History
1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston becoming the first person executed for witchcraft in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1905 – Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden. She dies before he is crowned King Gustaf VI Adolf.
1921 – Bessie Coleman receives her pilot’s license after graduating from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. She is the first African American woman to earn a pilot’s license and the first American of any race or gender to earn an international license.
1978 – Lisa Halaby marries King Hussein of Jordan and takes the name Queen Noor.
1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson, President of the United States; she died after he was elected, but before he took office. (d. 1828)
1876 – Margaret Abbott, American golfer and Olympic medalist, first American woman to win a gold medal in the Olympics (d. 1955)
1887 – Malvina Hoffman, American sculptor and author, known for life-size bronze sculptures (d. 1966)
1909 – Elena Nikolaidi, Greek-American mezzo-soprano, recording artist and educator (d. 2002)
1914 – Hilda Terry, American cartoonist, known for the comic strip Teena, first woman to join the National Cartoonists Society (d. 2006)
1916 – Olga Erteszek, Polish-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
1918 – Zhang Ruifang, Chinese actress, recipient of the Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress, considered one of the “four great drama actresses” in China (d. 2012)
1920 – Alla Kazanskaya, Russian stage and film actress, recipient of the Crystal Turandot Award (d. 2008)
1920 – Amy Clampitt, American poet and author (d. 1994)
1926 – Carol Fox, American impresario of the Chicago Lyric Opera (d. 1981)
1938 – Jeanette W. Hyde, American Ambassador of the United States to Barbados/Dominica/St. Lucia and to Antigua/Grenada/St. Vincent and St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1945 – Miriam Defensor Santiago, Filipino judge, judge of the International Criminal Court, member of the Senate of the Philippines
1953 – Ana Castillo, Mexican-American author, poet, editor, playwright and scholar, recipient of a number of awards including an American book Award and a Carl Sandbury Award, first Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Endowed Chair at DePaul University
991 – Theophanu, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire as wife of Otto II, later regent (b. 960)
1881 – Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, influential in Louisiana with thousands of followers (b. 1801?)
1941 – Evelyn Underhill, British author, pacifist and mystic, known for her book Mysticism (b. 1875)
1942 – Vera Nikolayevna Figner, Russian revolutionary, doctor’s assistant and author; participant in the assassination plot against Alexander II for which she was tried and sentenced to execution; her sentence was commuted to penal servitude in Siberia; known for her book Memories of a Revolutionist. (b. 1852)
1996 – Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz vocalist and actress, the “First Lady of Song”, the “Queen of Jazz”, recipient of 14 Grammy Awards, the National Medal of Arts, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, recorded over 70 albums selling 40 million copies (b. 1917)
2015 – Blaze Starr, American Burlesque performer, known as “The Hottest Blaze in Burlesque” and for her affair with Louisiana governor Earl Long (b. 1932)