Events in Women’s History
1661 – Marriage contract between Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza was signed.
1960 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves use of Searle’s combined oral contraceptive pill, Enovid, for use as a contraceptive. It was previously approved for treatment of menstrual disorders in 1957.
1972 – President Nixon signed Title IX into law. “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance”
1456 – Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland as wife of James III (d. 1486)
1703 – Marie Leszczyńska, Queen of France as wife of Louis XV (d. 1768)
1763 – Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of the French as wife of Napoleon I (d. 1814)
1810 – Fanny Elssler, Austrian ballerina (d. 1884)
1826 – Anne McDowell, editor, journalist, publisher of Woman’s Advocate
1889 – Anna Akhmatova, pseudonym for Russian poet Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, one of the most acclaimed writers in Russian literature, noted for remaining in the Soviet Union and writing about the terrors of living under Stalinism. (d. 1966)
1918 – Madeleine Parent, Canadian labour leader and feminist, advocate for aboriginal rights, known for work in establishing the Canadian Textile and Chemical Union and the Confederation of Canadian Unions (d. 2012)
1928 – Jean Cione, American baseball player, pitcher in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (d. 2010)
1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American athlete and Olympic medalist, considered the “fastest woman in the world” during the 1960s (d. 1994)
679 – Æthelthryth, Queen of Northumbria, also known as Etheldreda or Audrey, East Anglian princess and Abbess of Ely (b. circa 636)
1222 – Constance of Aragon, Queen of Hungary as wife of Ladislaus III, later Queen of Germany and Sicily and Holy Roman Empress as wife of Frederick II (b. 1179)