June 26

Events in Women’s History

Julia Gardiner Tyler c. 1846 (source)

Julia Gardiner Tyler c. 1846 (source)

1844 – Julia Gardiner marries incumbent President John Tyler becoming the First Lady of the United States.

1948 – Shirley Jackson’s short story “The Lottery” is published in The New Yorker magazine causing cancelled subscriptions and prompting hate mail.

Births

Princess Hedvig Sofia

Princess Hedvig Sofia by David von Krafft late 17th century (source)

1575 – Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as wife of Christian IV (d. 1612)

1681 – Hedvig Sophia, Princess of Sweden and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp as wife of Frederick IV, later regent for her son (d. 1708)

1767 – Sarah Pierce, American educator, founder of the Litchfield Female Academy, one of the United State’s oldest schools for girls, famous attendees included Catharine Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe (d. 1852)

1892Pearl S. Buck, American author and advocate for women and minority groups, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for her novel The Good Earth (d. 1973)

 

1893 – Dorothy Fuldheim, American journalist and commentator, radio and television host, considered the first woman to anchor a television news broadcast, conducted interviews with Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler prior to WWII,  (d. 1989)

1899 – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Alexandra Fyodorovna, canonized as a passion bearer in the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 1918)

1911 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete and Olympic medalist, successful in basketball, golf and track and field (d. 1956)

1915 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author, poet, editor and publisher, born Charlotte Gertrude Shapiro, prolific writer of books for children (d. 2013)

1916 – Virginia Satir, American psychotherapist and author, known for her approach to family therapy and books Conjoint Family Therapy and Peoplemaking (d. 1988)

1921 – Violette Szabo, French secret agent, served during WWII as a Special Operation Executive agent; she was captured and executed at Ravensbrueck concentration camp. (d. 1945)

1922 – Eleanor Parker, American actress, known for her versatility, Academy Award Best Actress nominee, played the Baroness Elsa Schrader in The Sound of Music (d. 2013)

1936 – Edith Pearlman, American author, known for her short stories and travel writing, recipient of many honors and awards

1936 – Nancy Willard, American author, poet, and novelist, recipient of the Newbery Medal for A Visit to William Blake’s Inn

1938 – Margret Göbl, German figure skater, medalist in World, European and German national competitions(d. 2013)

1946 – Candace Pert, American neuroscientist and pharmacologist, known for discovering the opiate receptor in the brain (d. 2013)

Deaths

Mercedes of Orleans

Mercedes of Orleans, Queen of Spain (source)

1878 – Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain as wife of King Alfonso XII (b. June 24, 1860)

1885 – Metta Victoria Fuller Victor, American author, pioneer of the “dime novel”; she wrote over 100 novels including Alice Wilde, Maum Guinea and her Plantation “Children”, and The Dead Letter (b. 1831)

1948 – Lilian Velez, Filipino actress and singer (b. 1924)

1980 – Miriam Daly, Irish republican activist and university lecturer, member of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, the Prisoners’ Relatives Action Committee and the Irish National Liberation Army (b. 1928)

 

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