June 29

Events in Women’s History

1974 – Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. During the third term of her husband, President Juan Peron,she served as both Vice-president and First Lady. Due to poor health, he delegated responsibility to her and died two days later. She officially served from July 1, 1974 (the day Juan Peron died) to March 24, 1976.

Isabel Perón (left) as Vice-President and First Lady with Romanian President Nicolae Ceaușescu, his wife, Elena, and President Perón (source)

Isabel Perón (left) as Vice-President and First Lady with Romanian President Nicolae Ceaușescu, his wife, Elena, and President Perón on the right (source)

Births

Maria of Aragon

Maria of Aragon, Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarves (source)

1136 – Petronilla, Queen of Aragon, daughter of Ramiro II and Agnes of Aquitaine; she was the last ruling member of the Jiménez dynasty. (d. 1173)

1475 – Beatrice d’Este, Duchess of Bari and Milan as wife of Ludovico Sforza, considered beautiful, accomplished with excellent taste in fashion (d. 1497)

1482 – Maria of Aragon, Spanish infanta and Queen of Portugal as wife of Manuel I (d. 1517)

1540 – Ana de Mendoza, 2nd Princess of Mélito, 2nd Duchess of Francavilla and 3rd Countess of Aliano in her own right, Princess of Eboli as wife of Rui Gomes da Silva; considered one of the most beautiful and accomplished women of her time in Spain. (d. Feb 2, 1592)

1858 – Julia Lathrop, American social reformer and activist, first woman to head a United States federal bureau as director of the United States Children’s Bureau (d. 1932)

1871 – Luisa Tetrazzini, Italian coloratura soprano, very popular in Europe and American from 1890 through the 1920s (d. 1940)

1893 – Helen Elna Hokinson, American cartoonist, contributed 68 covers and over 1800 cartoons while on the staff of The New Yorker (d. 1949)

1898 – Yvonne Lefébure, French pianist and teacher (d. 1986)

1911 – Katherine DeMille, Canadian-born American actress; orphaned at the age of nine, she was adopted by Cecil B. DeMille and his wife and made about 30 film appearances before retiring in 1956. (d. 1995)

1920 – Nicole Russell, Duchess of Bedford, author and producer, one of the first female television producers in France (d. 2012)

1929 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author, known for her coverage of war and revolution and her book Interview with History containing interviews with many world leaders (d. 2006)

1941 – Margitta Gummel, German athlete and Olympic medalist; she won the gold medal for the shot put in the 1968 Olympics.

Deaths

Elizabet Ney c. 1860 by Friedrich Kaulbach (source)

Elisabet Ney c. 1860 by Friedrich Kaulbach (source)

1509 – Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, mother and grandmother of Henry VII and Henry VIII, respectively; key figure in the Wars of the Roses (b. 1443)

1861 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet, very prolific and popular in both the United States and Britain during her lifetime (b. 1806)

1907 – Elisabet Ney, German-born American sculptor, known for sculptures of famous leaders such as Otto von Bimarck, George V of Hanover and Sam Houston (b. 1833)

1941 – Laura Clay, suffragist, orator, co-founder and first president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association; her name was placed into nomination for the presidency at the 1920 Democratic National Convention. (b. 1849)

1967 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress, one of the original “blonde bombshells” of the 1950s (b. 1933)

1977 – Magda Lupescu, mistress of King Carol II of Romania and after his abdication, his wife (b. 1895)

1995 – Lana Turner, American film and television actress, Academy Award nominee (b. 1921)

2002 – Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress, known for both pop and jazz; after a revival of her career in 1977, she recorded until her death. (b. 1928)

2003 – Katharine Hepburn, American stage, film and television actress, known for her versatility as an actress and long successful career, winner of four Academy Awards for Best Actress (b. 1907)

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