June 30

Events in Women’s History

1966 – A small group of women assembled in Betty Friedan’s hotel room in Washington D.C. at the Conference of Commissions on the Status of Women, in order to form the National Organization for Women. The first organizing conference would be held in October later that year.


Lena Horne in 1961

Lena Horne in 1961 (source)

1768 – Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, First Lady of the United States as wife of James Monroe, known for helping secure the release of Madame Lafayette from prison during the Reign of Terror. (d. 1830)

1819 – Lucile Grahn, Danish ballerina and producer, first internationally acclaimed ballerina from Denmark (d. 1907)

1868 – Mabel Cratty, Amercian educator and General Secretary of the National Board of the YWCA (d. 1928)

1899 – Madge Bellamy, American stage and film actress; she was a popular actress but also known for a scandal involving shooting at a former lover and filing for divorce and requesting alimony, although the two were not legally married. (d. 1990)

1917 – Susan Hayward, American actress and fashion model, Academy Award winner for Best Actress (d. 1975)

1917 – Lena Horne, American singer, dancer, actress and civil rights activist; blacklisted during the Red Scare, she returned to performing in nightclubs and continued recording into the 1990s. (d. 2010)

1933 – Lea Massari, Italian actress, known for work in art cinema in both French and Italian, member of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1975

1936 – Assia Djebar, pseudonym of Fatima-Zohra Imalayen, Algerian author, translator, feminist and filmmaker, considered one of North Africa’s most influential writers, recipient of the 1996 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the Yourcenar Prize, and the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade

1940 – Patricia Schroeder, American politician, first woman to represent Colorado in the United States House of Representatives

1943 – Florence Ballard, American singer and recording artist, founding member of The Supremes, inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame posthumously (d. 1976)


E.D.E.N. Southworth c. 1860 (source)

E.D.E.N. Southworth c. 1860 (source)

1670 – Princess Henrietta of England, daughter of Charles I of England and his wife Henrietta Maria, wife of Philippe of France, instrumental in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Dover (b. 1644)

1899 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth, American teacher and novelist, advocate of women’s rights; most of her work was serialized in publications such as The National Era and the New York Ledger. (b. 1819)

1953 – Elsa Beskow, Swedish author and illustrator of children’s books, known for the Tale of the Little Little Old Woman and Aunt Green Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender (b. 1874)

1973 – Nancy Mitford, British novelist and biographer, known for novels about upper-class life in England and France and biographies of Madame de Pompadour, Voltaire and King Louis XIV (b. 1904)

1984 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright, known for refusing to answer questions from the House Un-American Activities Committee and being blacklisted in Hollywood; her play The Little Foxes is semi-autobiographical.  (b. 1905)

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