March 12

Events in Women’s History

Ethel Smyth, Library of Congress (source)

Dame Ethel Smyth, Library of Congress (source)

1903Der Wald, a one-act opera written by Dame Ethel Smyth, was performed at the Metropolitan Opera. To date it is the only opera written by a woman to be performed at the Met.

1912 – Juliette Gordon Lowe organizes the first Girl Guide troop in the United States. The next year the name is changed to the Girl Scouts.

1993 – Janet Reno was sworn in as the United States’ first female attorney general.


Queen Frederica of Sweden, Eric Bogislaus Skjöldebrand (source)

Queen Frederica of Sweden, Eric Bogislaus Skjöldebrand (source)

1637 – Anne Hyde, Duchess of York and Albany as wife of James, Duke of York, later James II of England, two of her children survived to adulthood and became Mary II of England, Scotland and Ireland and Anne, Queen of Great Britain (d. 1671)

1781 – Frederica of Baden, Queen consort of Sweden (d. 1826)

1806Jane Means Appleton Pierce, First Lady of the United States as wife of Franklin Pierce (d. 1863)

1862 – Jane Arminda Delano, American nurse, founder of the American Red Cross Nursing Service (d. 1919)

1864 – Alice Tegnér, Swedish music teacher, poet and composer, especially of children’s songs (d. 1943)

1877 – Annette Abbott Adams, American lawyer and judge, first woman to serve as the Assistant Attorney General of the US (d. 1956)

1878 – Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and saint, canonized in 1940 (d. 1903)

1906 – Gracie Bowers Pfost, American politician, first woman to represent Idaho in the US Congress (d. 1965)

1907 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)

1908 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)

1912 – Kylie Tennant, Australian author and historian, known for her well-researched, realistic portrayals (d. 1988)

1913 – Agathe von Trapp, Hungarian-American singer and author, member of the Trapp Family Singers, portrayed by the character “Lisle” in The Sound of Music (d. 2010)

1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American painter (d. 1989)

1923 – Clara Fraser, American activist, co-founded the Freedom socialist Party and Radical Women (d. 1998)

1923 – Hanne Hiob, German actress (d. 2009)

1928 – Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Canadian politician (d. 2009)

1933 – Barbara Feldon, American actress

1935 – Valentyna Shevchenko, Ukrainian politician, the only female Chairman of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, honorary president of the Nation fund of social defence of mother and children since 1997

1946 – Liza Minnelli, American actress, singer, and dancer

1948 – Virginia Bottomley, British politician


1253 – Saint Fina, Italian Christian girl venerated in San Gimignano (b. 1238)

1916 – Baroness Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian author, known for psychological novels, regarded as one of the most important German-language writers of the 19th century (b. 1830)

1998 – Beatrice Wood, American painter and potter, the “Mama of Dada”, died just after her 105th birthday (b. 1893)

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Fresco of Saint Fina by Benozzo Gozzoli (source)

Fresco of Saint Fina by Benozzo Gozzoli (source)

2 thoughts on “March 12

  1. Pingback: #31DaysofWomenMakingHistory: On this day in women’s history… | Uncanny Pop

  2. Today in #herstory : Susan Howlet Butcher won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in 1986. She was the first person to win four out of five sequential years and is commemorated in Alaska by Susan Butcher Day.

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