March 14

Events in Women’s History

Catherine Cornaro c. 1542 by Titian (source)

Catherine Cornaro c. 1542 by Titian (source)

1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, was forced to abdicate and sell her kingdom to Venice. She was allowed to retain the title of Queen and made sovereign of Asolo.

Births

Josephine of Leuchtenberg by Axel Nordgren (source)

Josephine of Leuchtenberg by Axel Nordgren (source)

1807 – Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Queen consort of Sweden and Norway as wife of Oscar I (d. 1876)

1808 – Narcissa Prentiss Whitman, American missionary and western pioneer (d. 1847)

1822 – Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, Empress consort of Brazil as wife of Pedro II, “the Mother of the Brazilians”, remembered fondly for her character, behavior and advocacy of Brazilian culture (d. 1889)

1851 – Anna Caroline Maxwell, American nurse, served as superintendent for several nursing schools, was involved in nursing in both the Spanish-American War and WWI, awarded the Medaille de l’Hygiene Publique by the French government for her work in WWI, one of the first women buried at Arlington National Cemetery (d. 1929)

1915 – Josephine Lang, German composer (d. 1880)

1822 – Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, Empress consort of Brazil as wife of Pedro II (d. 1889)

1833 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, American dentist and women’s rights advocate, first American woman to graduate from dental school (d. 1910)

1868 – Emily Murphy, Canadian jurist, author, and activist, first female magistrate in Canada, one of the Famous Five (d. 1933)

1880 – Princess Thyra of Denmark (d. 1945)

1887 – Sylvia Beach, American-born French publisher, founded Shakespeare and Company (d. 1962)

1894 – Osa Helen Johnson, American adventurer and documentary filmmaker, with her husband, Martin Elmer Johnson, she explored Africa, South Pacific Islands and Borneo, documenting their explorations through film and photographs (d. 1953)

1899 – Ada Kramm, Norwegian actress (d. 1981)

1904 – Doris Eaton Travis, American stage and film actress, dancer, teacher and author, youngest Ziegfeld Girl ever cast and the last surviving (d. 2010)

1921 – Ada Louise Huxtable, American author and architecture critic, won the first Pulitzer Prize for Criticism (d. 2013)

1923 – Diane Arbus, American photographer, known for square, black and white, photographs of people who were considered marginal by society, although she did fashion work early in her career and many assignments for various publications (d. 1971)

1932 – Naina Yeltsina, First Lady of Russia as wife of Boris Yeltsin

1939 – Pilar Bardem, Spanish film and television actress

Deaths

968 – Saint Matilda of Ringelheim, Duchess consort of Saxony and German Queen as wife of Henry I of Germany, mother of Otto, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 895)

1931 – Ida Husted Harper, American author, journalist and suffragist (b. 1851)

1965 – Marion Jones Farquhar, American championship tennis player, Olympic medalist, inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame (b. 1879)

1975 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)

1977 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American voting and civil rights activist (b. 1917)

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Fannie Lou Hamer by Warren K. Leffler, U.S. News & World Report Magazine (source)

Fannie Lou Hamer by Warren K. Leffler, U.S. News & World Report Magazine (source)