March 20

Events in Women’s History

Engraving of Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1872, painting by Alonzo Chappel, engraver unknown (source)

Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1872, painting by Alonzo Chappel, engraver unknown (source)

1852 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, is published.

1985 – Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

Births

The five daughters of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, Canterbury Cathedral (source)

The five daughters of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, Canterbury Cathedral (source)

1469 – Cecily of York, Viscountess of Welles as wife of John Welles, daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville (d. 1507)

1845 – Lucy Myers Wright Mitchell, American author and art historian, known for her two-volume work A History of Ancient Sculpture (d. 1888)

1869 – Belle Sherwin, American educator and women’s rights activist, daughter of Henry Alden Sherwin founder of Sherwin-Williams Company (d. 1955)

1879 – Maud Menten, Canadian physician and biochemist, known for the Michaelis-Menten equation (d. 1960)

1907 – Ruby Muhammad, American spiritual leader, given the honorific “Mother of the Nation of Islam” by Louis Farrakhan (d. 2011)

1915 – Sister Rosetta Tharpe, American singer,songwriter and guitarist with cross-over appeal in gospel, jazz, blues and pop, “the original soul sister” (d. 1973)

1917 – Dame Vera Lynn, British singer-songwriter and actress, very popular during WWII

1918 – Marian McPartland, English-born American jazz pianist and composer, host of Marian McPartland’s Piano Jazz on National Public Radio (d. 2013)

1920 – Pamela Harriman, English-born American diplomat, United States Ambassador to France (d. 1997)

1920 – Vickie Panos, Canadian professional baseball player, outfielder; she batted and threw left-handed

1920 – Rosemary Timperley, British author, best known for her ghost stories (d. 1988)

1937 – Lois Lowry, American author, known for her children’s books, Newbery Medal recipient

Deaths

1730 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress, her death inspired plays, opera and a poem by Voltaire (b. 1692)

1816 – Maria I, Queen regnant of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, known as Maria the Pious and considered a good ruler until her mental health began to deteriorate around 1786 (b. 1734)

1934 – Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen of the Netherlands and Duchess of Luxembourg as wife of William III, regent for her daughter Queen Wilhelmina (b. 1858)

1972 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)

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Emma as Queen mother c. 1890, Library of Congress, Grantham Bain Collection (source)

Emma as Queen mother c. 1890, Library of Congress, Grantham Bain Collection (source)