March 25

Events in Women’s History

1911 – The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City kills 146 garment workers, 123 women and girls.


Machiko Kyō (source)

Machiko Kyō (source)

1345 – Blanche of Lancaster, Duchess of Lancaster as wife of John of Gaunt, mother of Henry IV of England (d. 1369)

1347 – Catherine of Siena, Italian theologian and saint, Third Order of St. Dominic, patron saint of Europe (d. 1380)

1782 – Caroline Bonaparte, daughter of Carlo Buonaparte, sister of Napoleon I of France, Grand Duchess consort of Berg and Cleves, Queen consort of Naples and Sicily (d. 1839)

1881 – Mary Webb, British author and poet (d. 1927)

1910 – Magda Olivero, Italian operatic soprano

1912 – Melita Norwood, British civil servant and spy for the Soviet Union (d. 2005)

1914 – Aline Saarinen, American art and architecture critic, author and journalist (d. 1972)

1921 – Alexandra, Queen consort of Yugoslavia as wife of Peter II (d. 1993)

1921 – Simone Signoret, German-born French film actress, recipient of an Academy Award, three British Academy of Film and Television Arts awards, and an Emmy among others  (d. 1985)

1922 – Eileen Ford, American businesswoman, co-founder of Ford Models with her husband

1923 – Bonnie Guitar, Bonnie Buckingham, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1924 – Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress, recipient of many awards including a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Awards of the Japanese Academy; although primarily known for her roles in 1950 era films, she continues to act in Japanese theatrical productions.

1925 – Flannery O’Connor, American author, known for a southern gothic style and questions about morality and ethics; a collection of short stories, Complete Stories, won the National Book Award for fiction in 1972 (d. 1964)

1932 – Penelope Gilliatt, British author, screenwriter, and critic (d. 1993)

1934 – Gloria Steinem, American journalist, feminist and activist, co-founded Ms. magazine and other organizations including the Women’s Media Center

1942 – Aretha Franklin, American singer-songwriter and pianist, one of the best selling female artists of all time (over 75 million records), recipient of 18 Grammy Awards, inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the UK Music Hall of Fame and the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame

1949 – Lillian Elaine Fishburne, first African American woman to hold the rank of Rear Admiral in the United States Navy

1971 – Sheryl Swoopes, American basketball player and coach, Olympic medalist, first woman signed when the Women’s National Basketball Association was created


Ida B. Wells c. 1893 by Mary Garrity (source)

Ida B. Wells c. 1893 by Mary Garrity (source)

1586 – Margaret Clitherow, English saint and martyr, died under torture for harboring Roman Catholic priests (b. 1556)

1732Lucy Filippini, Italian saint, founded schools for young women and the Pious Matrons who were dedicated to the education of girls (b. 1672)

1917 – Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American academic, professor at Oberlin College, President of Mount Holyoke College (b. 1832)

1931 – Ida B. Wells, African American journalist, newspaper editor, lecturer, civil rights leader, suffragist and sociologist; she documented lynching in the United States. (b. 1862)

1978 – Hanna Ralph, German stage and film actress (b. 1888)

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