March 27

Events in Women’s History

Mary Mallon (source)

Mary Mallon (source)

1915 – Mary Mallon, better known as Typhoid Mary, is put in quarantine for the second time. She would remain there for the rest of her life. She was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of Typhoid Fever.

Births

Erminia Frezzolini c. 1840 by Josef Kriehuber (source)

Erminia Frezzolini c. 1840 by Josef Kriehuber (source)

1724 – Jane Colden, American botanist and illustrator, possibly the first woman working in botany in America, catalogued more than 300 species of flora in New York using the system of classification by Carolus Linnaeus (d. 1766)

1770 – Sophie Mereau, German author of the romantic school (d. 1806)

1818 – Erminia Frezzolini, Italian coloratura soprano (d. 1884)

1824 – Virginia Louisa Minor, American suffragist, co-founded the Woman’s Suffrage Association of Missouri; she attempted to register to vote in 1872 and when she was turned away, she and her husband filed a suit against the state of Missouri which they lost. (d. 1894)

1864 – Agostina Livia Pietrantoni, Italian nun and nurse, saint in the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1894)

1867 – Edyth Walker, American operatic mezzo-soprano (d. 1950)

1868 – Patty Hill, American educator and songwriter, founder of the National Association Nursery Education, co-writer with her sister, Mildred Hill, of the song Happy Birthday to You  (d. 1946)

1879 – Catherine Carswell, Scottish journalist and author, known as part of the Scottish Renaissance (d. 1946)

Ruth Hanna McCormick (source)

Ruth Hanna McCormick (source)

1880 – Ruth Hanna McCormick, American politician, suffragist, publisher and business owner, member of the US House of Representatives from Illinois, owned and operated a dairy and breeding farm (d. 1944)

1883 – Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, wrote poetry in both German and Estonian (d. 1980)

1883 – Margaret Cobb Ailshie, American publisher and activist (d. 1959)

1892 – Dorrit Weixler, German film actress, known for her comedic roles (d. 1916)

1895 – Betty Schade, German-born American silent film actress (d. 1982)

1898 – Titina De Filippo, Italian actress and playwright (d. 1963)

1898 – Maria Rasputin, Russian author, cabaret dancer, circus performer and factory worker, published several memoirs about her father, Grigori Rasputin (d. 1977)

1898 – Alma Tell, American stage and film actress (d. 1937)

1899 – Gloria Swanson, American actress, singer, and producer (d. 1983)

1905 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian engineer, the world’s first female aircraft designer (d. 1980)

Sarah Vaughan c. 1946, William P. Gottlieb Collection, Library of Congress (source)

Sarah Vaughan c. 1946, William P. Gottlieb Collection, Library of Congress (source)

1911 – Veronika Tushnova, Russian poet (d. 1965)

1917 – Reva Gerstein, Canadian psychologist and educator, first woman Chancellor of the University of Western Ontario

1921 – Hélène Berr, French author and holocaust victim; she documented her experiences as a young Jewish woman in occupied France during the war. (d. 1945)

1924 – Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer, recipient of a Grammy Award and the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Award (d. 1990)

1929 – Rita Briggs, American baseball player (d. 1994)

1929 – Sybil Christopher, Welsh actress, director and founder of the New York nightclub “Arthur” (d. 2013)

1941 – Liese Prokop, Austrian politician, pentathlete and Olympic medalist (d. 2006)

1941 – Antonina Lazareva, Russian high jumper and Olympic medalist

1945 – Annie Mae Aquash (Mi’kmaq name Naguset Eask), Mi’kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1975)

Deaths

Mary of Burgundy by Michael Pacher (source)

Mary of Burgundy by Michael Pacher (source)

1482Mary of Burgundy, Duchess of Burgundy, ruled in her own right from her father’s death in 1477 to her own in 1482 (b. 1457)

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