March 5

Events in Women’s History

1922 – “Annie Oakley” (Phoebe Ann Moses) breaks all existing records for women’s trap shooting, hitting 98 out of 100 targets.

Births

Princess Mary by George Desmarées (source)

Princess Mary by George Desmarées (source)

1723 – Princess Mary of Great Britain, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel as the wife of Frederick II (d. 1773)

1840 – Constance Fenimore Woolson, American author of fiction about the Great Lakes region, American South and expatriate life in Europe, grandniece of James Fenimore Cooper (d. 1894)

1856 – Mary Elizabeth Garrett, American suffragist and philanthropist, helped found Bryn Mawr College, endowed Johns Hopkins School of Medicine with the condition that women would be allowed to attend (d. 1915)

1819 – Anna Cora Mowatt Richie, French author, playwright and actress (d. 1870)

1871 – Rosa Luxemburg, Russian economist, philosopher, and political theorist, co-founded the Spartacus League which became the German Communist Party; she was captured and murdered after the Spartacus uprising of 1919 (d. 1919)

1882 – Dora Marsden, English author, editor, philosopher and suffragist (d. 1960)

1892 – Josephine Herbst, American author and journalist (c. 1969)

1898 – Soong May-ling, Chinese politician, painter and chairman of Fu Jen Catholic University, First Lady of the Republic of China as wife of Chiang Kai-Shek (d. 2003)

1898 – Misao Okawa, Japanese supercentenarian

1914 – Ursula Reit, German actress (d. 1998)

1920 – Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996)

1931 – Jerrie Cobb, American aviator, part of the “Mercury 13” groups of women to undergo the same physiological tests as prospective male astronauts

1938 – Lynn Margulis, American biologist (d. 2011)

1939 – Samantha Eggar, British film, television and voice actress

1948 – Leslie Marmon Silko, Laguna Pueblo author, key figure in the “Native American Renaissance”, first recipient of the Mac Arthur Foundation Grant, winner of the Native Writers’ Circle of the Americas Lifetime Achievement Award

Deaths

1876 – Marie d’Agoult, German-born French author, Countess d’Agoult by marriage; however she lived with and had three children with composer Franz Liszt. She is also known by the pseudonym Daniel Stern (b. 1805)

1945 – Lena Baker, African American woman convicted and executed for the murder of her employer under life-threatening circumstances; she was given a full and unconditional pardon in 2005 by the State of Georgia. Her story is told in the movie The Lena Baker Story. (b. 1901)

1963 – Patsy Cline, American singer-songwriter (b. 1932)

1966 – Anna Akhmatova, pseudonym for Russian poet Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, one of the most acclaimed writers in Russian literature, noted for remaining in the Soviet Union and writing about the terrors of living under Stalinism.  (b. 1889)

1980 – Winifred Wagner, English-born wife of Siegfried Wagner, ran the Bayreuth Festival after Siegried’s death, known for her close friendship and correspondence with Adolf Hitler (b. 1897)

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Anna Akhmatova in 1922 by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin (source)

Anna Akhmatova in 1922 by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin (source)