March 6

Events in Women’s History

Ethel and Julius Rosenburg after being found guilty in 1951, Roger Higgins, New York World-Telegram and the Sun, Library of Congress (source)

Ethel and Julius Rosenburg after being found guilty in 1951, Roger Higgins, New York World-Telegram and the Sun, Library of Congress (source)

1886 – The first nursing journal, The Nightingale, is published, edited by Sarah Post M.D.

1951 – The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.

1967 – Joseph Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.

Births

Valentina Tereshkova in 1969, Attribution: RIA Novosti archive, image #612748 / Alexander Mokletsov / CC-BY-SA 3.0 (source)

Valentina Tereshkova in 1969, Attribution: RIA Novosti archive, image #612748 / Alexander Mokletsov / CC-BY-SA 3.0 (source)

1791 – Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter, primarily known for portrait miniatures and still life (d. 1878)

1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (d. 1861)

1817 – Clémentine of Orléans, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony, daughter of Louis Philippe I, King of France and Marie Amalie of the Two Sicilies, mother of Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria (d. 1907)

1863 – Carrie Belle Kearney, American teacher, author, suffragist and temperance reformer, first woman elected to the Mississippi State Senate (d. 1939)

1882 – Sarah Wambaugh, American political scientist, one of the world’s leading authorities on plebiscites, adviser to various commissions including the U.N. Plebiscite Commission to Jammu and Kashmir (d. 1955)

1884 – Molla Mallory, Norwegian-American tennis player, Olympic medalist in 1912 representing Norway (d. 1959)

1900 – Gina Cigna, French-born Italian dramatic soprano (d. 2001)

1903 – Elizabeth Pinkston Becker, American diver, Olympic gold medalist in 1924 and 1928 (d. 1986)

1903 – Empress Kōjun of Japan, wife of Emperor Shōwa, mother of the present Emperor Akihito. (d. 2000)

1920 – Olive Dickason, Canadian historian, known for her study of Aboriginal History, notable works are Canada’s First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples from the Earliest Times and Indian Arts in Canada (d. 2011)

1924 – Sarah Caldwell, American impresario, opera conductor and stage director (d. 2006)

1936 – Sylvia Robinson, American singer and producer (Mickey & Sylvia) (d. 2011)

1937 – Valentina Tereshkova, Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and General-major in the Soviet Air Force, first woman to fly in space piloting Vostok 6; she was politically active after the collapse of the Soviet Union and is seen as a heroine in post-Soviet Russia.

1939 – Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Soria and Hernani, sister of Juan Carlos I of Spain

1940 – Joanna Miles, French-born American actress, Emmy Award winner

1942 – Flora Purim, Brazilian singer (Return to Forever)

1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (The Supremes)

1953 – Carolyn Porco, American planetary scientist, public speaker

Deaths

Constanze Mozart c. 1782 by Joseph Lange (source)

Constanze Mozart c. 1782 by Joseph Lange (source)

1052 – Emma of Normandy, Queen consort of England as wife of Æthelred the Unready, and Queen consort of England, Denmark and Norway as wife of Cnut the Great (b. circa 985)

1252 – Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)

1842 – Constanze Mozart, German singer, businesswoman and wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; her husband died leaving debts which she recovered from by holding memorial concerts and publishing her husband’s works (b. 1763)

1886 – Julia Evelina Smith, American author, translator and suffragist (d. 1886)

1888 – Louisa May Alcott, American author, known best for her novel Little Women (b. 1832)

1895 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian author and feminist (b. 1813)

1899 – Ka’iulani, Crown Princess of Hawaii, traveled and gave speeches in the United States denouncing the overthrow of Hawaii and telling of the injustice toward her people  (b. 1875)

1965 – Margaret Dumont, American comedic actress, known primarily for her work with Groucho Marx (b. 1889)

1969 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter, died young yet produced close to 10,000 works (b. 1952)

1973 – Pearl S. Buck, American author, Pulitzer Prize winner and Nobel Prize laureate, best known for rich descriptions of peasant life in China in novels such as The Good Earth (b. 1892)

1976 – Mary Petty, American illustrator for books and magazines, best known for a series of covers for The New Yorker (b. 1899)

1982 – Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author, playwright and philosopher, best known for The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged (b. 1905)

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Crown Princess Ka'iulani in 1897, Hawaii State Archives (source)

Crown Princess Ka’iulani in 1897, Hawaii State Archives (source)