March 8

Events in Women’s History

Queen Anne of Great Britain by Charles Jervas (source)

Queen Anne of Great Britain by Charles Jervas (source)

1702 – Anne Stuart, sister of Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland upon the death of her brother-in-law William III. After 1707, she was Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.

1911International Women’s Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women’s Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.

1917 – On International Women’s Day, people march in St. Petersburg for “Bread and Peace” sparking the February Revolution in Russia. (The last Sunday in February on the Julian calendar, march 8 on the Gregorian calendar.) Within the week much of the army garrison had defected to the cause and Nicholas II abdicated.

1949 – Mildred Gillars (“Axis Sally”) is condemned to prison for treason.

Births

Hannah Van Buren, artist unknown (source)

Hannah Van Buren, artist unknown (source)

1293 – Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal as wife of Afonso IV, Infanta of Castile-León by birth (d. 1359)

1702 – Anne Bonny, Irish pirate active in the Caribbean (d. 1782)

1783 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of US President Martin Van Buren; she died before he took office and she could become First Lady (d. 1819)

1828 – Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, American philanthropist and art collector, known primarily for her large gifts to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (d. 1887)

1856 – Mary Wright Plummer, American author and librarian, second female president of the American Library Association (d. 1916)

1892 – Juana de Ibarbourou, Uruguayan poet (d. 1979)

1896 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, 46th Mayor of Ottawa (d. 1975)

1897 – Margot Bryant, English actress (d. 1988)

1902 – Louise Beavers, American actress (d. 1962)

1909 – Beatrice Shilling, British aeronautical engineer and motorcycle racer (d. 1990)

1910 – Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)

1922 – Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer (d. 2008)

1930 – Nancy Burley, Australian figure skater (d. 2013)

1933 – Evelyn Ay Sempier, American model, Miss America 1954 (d. 2008)

1936 – Sue Ane Langdon, American actress and singer

1939 – Lidiya Skoblikova, Russian speed skater, Olympic medalist

1943 – Lynn Redgrave, British actress (d. 2010)

Deaths

415 – Hypatia of Alexandria, Neoplatonist philosopher and astronomer (b. circa 35 CE)

1126 – Urraca, Queen regnant of León, Castile, and Galicia, as the eldest surviving child of Alfonso VI of León with his second wife Constance of Burgundy (b. 1079)

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Queen Urraca presiding, Santiago Cathedral (source)

Queen Urraca presiding, Santiago Cathedral (source)