Events in Women’s History
1702 – Anne Stuart, sister of Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland upon the death of her brother-in-law William III. After 1707, she was Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.
1911 – International Women’s Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women’s Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.
1917 – On International Women’s Day, people march in St. Petersburg for “Bread and Peace” sparking the February Revolution in Russia. (The last Sunday in February on the Julian calendar, march 8 on the Gregorian calendar.) Within the week much of the army garrison had defected to the cause and Nicholas II abdicated.
1949 – Mildred Gillars (“Axis Sally”) is condemned to prison for treason.
1293 – Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal as wife of Afonso IV, Infanta of Castile-León by birth (d. 1359)
1702 – Anne Bonny, Irish pirate active in the Caribbean (d. 1782)
1783 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of US President Martin Van Buren; she died before he took office and she could become First Lady (d. 1819)
1828 – Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, American philanthropist and art collector, known primarily for her large gifts to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (d. 1887)
1856 – Mary Wright Plummer, American author and librarian, second female president of the American Library Association (d. 1916)
1892 – Juana de Ibarbourou, Uruguayan poet (d. 1979)
1896 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, 46th Mayor of Ottawa (d. 1975)
1897 – Margot Bryant, English actress (d. 1988)
1902 – Louise Beavers, American actress (d. 1962)
1909 – Beatrice Shilling, British aeronautical engineer and motorcycle racer (d. 1990)
1910 – Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)
1922 – Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer (d. 2008)
1930 – Nancy Burley, Australian figure skater (d. 2013)
1933 – Evelyn Ay Sempier, American model, Miss America 1954 (d. 2008)
1936 – Sue Ane Langdon, American actress and singer
1939 – Lidiya Skoblikova, Russian speed skater, Olympic medalist
1943 – Lynn Redgrave, British actress (d. 2010)
415 – Hypatia of Alexandria, Neoplatonist philosopher and astronomer (b. circa 35 CE)
1126 – Urraca, Queen regnant of León, Castile, and Galicia, as the eldest surviving child of Alfonso VI of León with his second wife Constance of Burgundy (b. 1079)