Events in Women’s History
1191 – Berengaria of Navarre marries Richard I of England and is crowned Queen consort.
1743 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1948 – Wilhelmina, Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands cedes throne.
1820 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse, social reformer and statistician, known as “The Lady with the Lamp” during the Crimean War, considered the founder of modern nursing (d. 1910)
1849 – Matilda Coxe Stevenson, American ethnologist, first president of the Women’s Anthropological Society of America (d. 1915)
1862 – Louise Phelps Kellogg, American historian, author and educator (d. 1942)
1881 – Hazel Harrison, American concert pianist and educator, prominent in Europe as well as the United States, served on the faculty of the Tuskegge Institute and Howard University (d. 1969)
1899 – Indra Devi, Latvian yoga teacher, author and actress (d. 2002)
1907 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress and singer, four time Academy Award winner, named the greatest female star in Hollywood history by the American Film Institute (d. 2003)
1900 – Mildred H McAfee, American educator and first director of the WAVES in the United States Navy, dean of women at Centre College and Oberlin College, president of Wellesley College (d. 1994)
1910 – Dorothy Hodgkin, British biochemist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, improved X-ray crystallography, confirmed the structure of penicillin and discovered the structure of vitamin B12 and insulin (d. 1994)
1918 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics (d. 2001)
1765 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English model and amateur actress and singer, best known as the mistress of Lord Nelson, the subject of many paintings by George Romney (b. 1765)
1925 – Amy Lowell, American poet, Pulitzer Prize winner (b. 1874)
1949 – Neysa McMein, American artist and illustrator (b. 1888)
1970 – Nelly Sachs, German poet and playwright, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1891)
1979 – Ileana Sărăroiu, Romanian folk singer (b. 1936)
1986 – Alicia Moreau de Justo, Argentinian physician, politician, peace and human rights activist (b. 1885)