May 14

Events in Women’s History

1925 – Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.

Births

Margaret of Valois and Henry of Navarre (source)

Margaret of Valois and Henry of Navarre (source)

1553 – Margaret of Valois, Queen consort of France and Navarre as wife of Henry III of Navarre who became Henry IV of France (d. 1615)

1878 – Mary Wilhelmine Williams, American historian, educator, feminist and pacifist, member of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, founder of the California chapter of the National Women’s Party, specialized in Latin America and was honored for her work to promote understanding between countries (d. 1944)

1902 – Helen Flanders Dunbar, American psychobiologist, advocate of cooperation between physicians and clergy in treating the sick (d. 1959)

1908 – Betty Jeffrey, Australian nurse and author, prisoner of war during World War II, known for her book about her experiences called White Coolies (d. 2000)

1925 – Sophie Kurys, American baseball player in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (d. 2013)

1925 – Patrice Munsel, American coloratura soprano, youngest singer to star at the Metropolitan Opera at age 17

1929 – Barbara Branden, Canadian author, editor and lecturer (d. 2013)

1943 – Tania León, Cuban-born American composer, conductor and educator, recipient of awards from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the National Endowment for the Arts and Chamber Music America among others

Deaths

Mary Seacole c. 1850 (source)

Mary Seacole c. 1850 (source)

1846 – Sarah Wentworth Apthorp Morton, American poet, referred to as the “American Sappho” (b. 1759)

1847 – Fanny Mendelssohn Hansel, German pianist and composer (b. 1805)

1881 – Mary Seacole, Jamaican-born British nurse during the Crimean War, ran a “British Hotel” for convalescent officers and assisted battlefield wounded, recipient of the Jamaican Order of Merit, voted greatest black Briton in 2004; her book, Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands, is one of the earliest autobiographies of a mixed-race woman   (b. 1805)

1940 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born American activist, author and lecturer, known for work on anarchist philosophy and women’s rights, founder of the journal Mother Earth (b. 1869)

1965Frances Perkins, American politician and activist, first woman to hold the office of US Secretary of Labor (b. 1880)

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