Events in Women’s History
589 – Theodelinda, daughter of Duke Garibald I of Bavaria, marries Authari, King of the Lombards.
1536 – Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest.
1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell.
1942 – In the United States, a bill creating the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
1970 – Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington are appointed the first female United States Army Generals.
1991 – Édith Cresson becomes France’s first female prime minister.
2010 – Jessica Watson unofficially becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo. (Her route didn’t meet the criteria for circumnavigation of the globe set by the World Sailing Speed Record Council.)
1689 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English author, known primarily for her letters written from Turkey while her husband was the British ambassador (d. 1762)
1857 – Williamina Fleming, Scottish astronomer, catalogued thousands of stars, discovered the Horsehead Nebula (d. 1911)
1860 – Ellen Axson Wilson, American artist and First Lady of the United States as the first wife of Woodrow Wilson (d. 1914)
1863 – Annie Fellows Johnston, American children’s author, best known for “The Little Colonel” series, which was the basis for the Shirley Temple film of the same name (d. 1931)
1890 – Katherine Anne Porter, American journalist, author and political activist, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award for The Collected Stories in 1965 (d. 1980)
1901 – Dorothy Hansine Andersen, American physician and educator, first person to identify cystic fibrosis, first American physician to describe it, inductee into the National Women’s Hall of Fame (d. 1963)
1903 – Maria Reiche, German mathematician and archaeologist, known for her research into the Nazca Lines in Peru, helping to gain recognition for the site and its classification as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 (d. 1998)
1909 – Clara Solovera, Chilean folk musician and composer (d. 1992)
1915 – Hilda Bernstein, British-born South African author, artist and activist against apartheid and for women’s rights (d. 2006)
1924 – Maria Koepcke, German-born Peruvian ornithologist; three species of birds are named in her honor. (d. 1971)
1930 – Grace Ogot, Kenyan nurse, author, journalist, politician and diplomat, delegate to the United Nations and UNESCO, helped found the Writers’ Association of Kenya, Member of Parliament and cabinet minister; she writes in both English and her native language of Luo
1936 – Anna Maria Alberghetti, Italian-American actress and operatic singer, Tony Award winner
1937 – Madeleine Albright, Czech-born American politician, diplomat and academic, first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
1938 – Diane Nash, American activist and strategist in the civil rights movement, involved in the Freedom riders, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and the Selma Voting Rights movement
1939 – Dorothy Shirley, British athlete, high jumper, and Olympic medalist
1698 – Marie Champmeslé, French actress, known for many famous roles, including many created for her by Jean Racine (b. 1642)
1792 – Maria Luisa of Spain, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia as wife of Leopold II (b. 1725)
1886 – Emily Dickinson, American poet; although the author of roughly 1800 poems, fewer than a dozen were published in her lifetime. (b. 1830)