Events in Women’s History
1770 – 14-year old Marie Antoinette marries 15-year-old Louis-Auguste becoming Dauphine of France.
1920 – Joan of Arc is canonized in the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Benedict XV.
1991 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom addresses a joint session of the United States Congress, becoming the first British monarch to do so.
2005 – The National Assembly of Kuwait passes a law allowing women to vote and run for office.
1718 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician, philosopher, and child prodigy; known for writings on calculus, the works of Euler, and the curve known as the “Witch of Agnesi”; the last decades of her life were devoted to working with the poor. (d. 1799)
1804 – Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, American educator, business woman and translator, founded the first English-language kindergarten in the United States, business manager for the Transcendentalist publication The Dial (d. 1894)
1880 – Anne O’Hare McCormick, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1954)
1898 – Tamara de Lempicka, Polish Art Deco painter; known for her bohemian lifestyle as well as her paintings (d. 1980)
1898 – Desanka Maksimović, Serbian poet, academic and member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (d. 1993)
1906 – Margret Rey, German author and illustrator, with her husband, H.A. Rey known for the Curious George series of children’s books (d. 1996)
1909 – Margaret Sullavan, American stage and film actress, Academy Award nominee (d. 1960)
1910 – Olga Bergholz, Russian poet, known also for her radio work during the Seige of Leningrad 1941-1944 (d. 1975)
1925 – Nancy Roman, American astronomer, advocate for women in the sciences, first Chief of Astronomy in the Office of Space Science among other offices at NASA
1929 – Adrienne Rich, American poet and author, declined the National Medal of Arts in protest of a vote to end funding for the National Endowment for the Arts (d. 2012)
1931 – Denise Filiatrault, Canadian actress and director, Genie Award winner, Officer of the Order of Canada and the National Order of Quebec
1955 – Olga Korbut, Belarusian gymnast, the “Sparrow from Minsk”, Olympic medalist competing for the Soviet Union in 1972 and 1976
1985 – Margaret Hamilton, American character actress, known for her role as the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz (b. 1902)
2012 – Maria Bieşu, Moldovan opera singer, chief vocalist of the National Opera and Ballet Theatre of Moldova (b. 1935)