Events in Women’s History
1250 – Shajar al-Durr, widow of the Ayyubid Sultan As-Salih Ayyub, becomes Sultana of Egypt.
1536 – Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, is arrested and imprisoned on charges of adultery, incest, treason and witchcraft.
1568 – Mary, Queen of Scots, escapes from Loch Leven Castle.
1885 – Good Housekeeping magazine goes on sale for the first time.
1999 – Mireya Moscoso becomes the first woman to be elected President of Panama.
1458 – Eleanor of Viseu, Portugese Infanta and later Queen consort of Portugal as wife of John II (d. 1525)
1729 – Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia, first as wife of Peter III, then in her own right from July 1762 until November 1796 (d. 1796)
1806 – Catherine Labouré, French saint, member of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, visionary (d. 1876)
1858 – Edith Anna Œnone Somerville, Irish novelist, known for her work done in collaboration with her cousin Violet Martin under the pseudonym “Somerville and Ross” (d. 1949)
1878 – Nannie Helen Burroughs, African-American educator, lecturer, civil rights activist and businesswoman, founder of the National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington D.C. (d. 1961)
1885 – Hedda Hopper, American actress and gossip columnist, known for her feud with rival columnist Louella Parsons (d. 1966)
1896 – Helen of Greece and Denmark, wife of Carol II of Romania although denied the title of Queen, later Queen Mother of Romania when her son Michael ascended to the throne (d. 1982)
1300 – Blanche of Artois, Queen consort of Navarre as wife of Henry I, later regent for her daughter Joan I (b. 1248)
1819 – Mary Moser, English painter, founding member of the Royal Academy (b. 1744)
1885 – Terézia Zakoucs, Hungarian-Slovene author (b. 1817)
1964 – Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born British politician, first woman to become a member of Parliament in the British House of Commons (b. 1879)
1915 – Clara Immerwahr, German chemist and wife of Nobel Prize winning chemist Fritz Haber, committed suicide in part due to her husband’s involvement with chemical warfare during WWI (b. 1870)