Events in Women’s History
1974 – An all-female Japanese team led by Kyoko Sato reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak. The team also included Naoko Nakaseko, Masako Uchida Mieko Mori, and Jambu Sherpa.
1979 – Margaret Thatcher takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, becoming the first woman to do so.
1749 – Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and novelist, instrumental in a revival of the sonnet and establishing the conventions of Gothic fiction (d. 1906)
1820 – Julia Gardiner Tyler, First Lady of the United States as wife of John Tyler (d. 1889)
1852 – Alice Liddell, English model and possible inspiration for Lewis Caroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (d. 1934)
1898 – Captain Joy Bright Hancock, American naval officer, veteran of both World War I and II (d. 1986)
1907 – Mary Hallaren, American soldier and director of the women’s Army Corps, first woman to officially join the US Army, recipient of the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star and the Army Commendation Medal, elected to the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1996 (d. 2005)
1913 – Princess Katherine of Greece and Denmark (d. 2007)
1916 – Jane Jacobs, American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist, known for urban studies and the book The Death and Life of Great American Cities, recipient of the Vincent Scully Prize, Officer of the Order of Canada, and Order of Ontario (d. 2006)
1928 – Betsy Rawls, American golfer, winner of eight major championships, member of the World Golf Hall of Fame
1929 – Audrey Hepburn, Belgian-born British actress, singer and humanitarian (d. 1993)
1930 – Roberta Peters, American coloratura soprano, known for her 35 year association with the Metropolitan Opera, recipient of the National Medal of Arts
1973 – Jane Auer Bowles, American author and playwright, known for the novel Two Serious Ladies and the play In the Summer House (b. 1917)