November 1

Events in Women’s History

Empress Mathilda, from "History of England" by St. Albans monks (15th century)

Empress Mathilda, from “History of England” by St. Albans monks (source)

1141Empress Matilda‘s reign as ‘Lady of the English’ ends with Stephen of Blois regaining the title of King of England.

1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical College (later named the New England Female Medical College), opens with 12 students and 2 teachers.


Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna by Friedrich August von Kaulbach

Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna by Friedrich August von Kaulbach (source)

1526 – Catherine Jagellon, Duchess of Finland, Queen consort of Sweden as wife of John III (d. 1583)

1542 – Tarquinia Molza, Italian muscian, poet, and natural philosopher, granted Roman citizenship in 1600 (d. 1617)

1549 – Anna of Austria, Queen consort of Spain as wife of Philip II (d. 1580)

1811 – Frances Miram “Berry” Whitcher, American prose humorist, creator of “The Widow Bedott” (d. 1852)

1847 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (d. 1930)

1858 – Mary Adelaide Nutting, co-founder of American Society of superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses (d. 1948)

1864 – Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia, canonized as St. Elizabeth Romanova (d. 1918)

1889 – Hannah Höch, German painter and photographer (d. 1978)

1917 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American painter, co-founded the DuSable Museum of African American History (d. 2010)

1923 – Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano (d. 2005)

1924 – Colette Renard, French actress and singer (d. 2010)

1926 – Betsy Palmer, American actress

1928 – Emmaline Henry, American actress (d. 1979)

1934 – Gillian Knight, English soprano and actress


1631 – Maria Maddalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, served as regent for her son, Ferdinand, with her mother-in-law, Christina of Lorraine (b. 1589)

1952 – Dixie Lee. American actress, singer, and dancer, wife of Bing Crosby (b. 1911)

1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the US as wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, (b. 1896)

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Mamie Eisenhower in 1953 by Thomas Stevens

Mamie Eisenhower in 1953 by Thomas Stevens (source)

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