November 12

Events in Women’s History

Empress Zoe, detail of a mosaic in Hagia Sophia, 11th c.

Empress Zoe, detail of a mosaic in Hagia Sophia, 11th c. (source)

1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoe takes the throne as empress consort to Romanus III. She was also the wife of Michael IV and Constantine IX, in succession. Briefly she was co-ruler with her sister Theodora in 1042.

Births

Letitia Tyler, First Lady of the United States (artist unknown)

Letitia Tyler, First Lady of the United States (source)

1606 – Jeanne Mance, French-Canadian nurse, founded the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal (d. 1673)

1651Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican nun, scholar, and poet (d. 1695)

1751 – Margaret Corbin, fought during the American Revolutionary War taking her husband’s place when he fell. She was first woman in US History to receive a pension from Congress for military service. (d. 1800)

1790 – Letitia Christian Tyler, First Lady of the United States as first wife of John Tyler  (d. 1842)

1815Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American suffragist and women’s rights activist (d. 1902)

1877Muriel Matters, Australian born suffragist, lecturer, journalist, and performer, based in Britain and known for work with the Women’s Freedom League (d. 1969)

1890 – Lily Kronberger, Hungarian figure skater (d. 1974)

1908 – Ann Petry, American author (d. 1997)

1917 – Jo Stafford, American singer and actress (d. 2008)

1928 – Marjorie W. Sharmat, American author

1929 – Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess consort of Monaco as wife of Prince Rainier III (d. 1982)

1934 – Ann Flood, American actress

1939 – Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)

1941 – Carol Gluck, American academic and history professor

1943 – Julie Ege, Norwegian actress (d. 2008)

Deaths

Maria van Oosterwijck c. 1671 by Wallerant Vaillant (source)

Maria van Oosterwijck c. 1671 by Wallerant Vaillant (source)

1693Maria van Oosterwijck, painter during the Dutch Golden Age (birthdate possibly in December) (b. 1630)

1865 – Elizabeth Gaskell, English author (b. 1810)

1990 – Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)

1994 – Wilma Rudolph, American Olympic athlete and gold medalist (b. 1940)

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