November 13

Events in Women’s History

Adele of Champagne with her husband Louis VII of France (source)

Adele of Champagne with her husband Louis VII of France (source)

1160 – Adèle of Champagne marries Louis VII of France only a few weeks after his wife Constance of Castile died in childbirth. Adèle was the mother of the future Philip II of France and Agnes, Empress of Byzantium.

Births

Amalie Auguste, Queen of Saxony c. 1823 by Joseph Karl Stieler (source)

Amalie Auguste, Queen of Saxony c. 1823 by Joseph Karl Stieler (source)

1715Dorothea Erxleben, first female doctor in Germany. She was allowed to study by special dispensation of Frederick the Great. (d. 1762)

1801 – Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Princess of Bavaria and Queen of Saxony as wife of John, identical twin sister of Elisabeth of Bavaria (d. 1877)

1801 – Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederick William IV, identical twin sister of Amalie of Bavaria (d. 1873)

1869Helene Stöcker, German author and women’s rights activist, promoted rights for illegitimate children, sex education, access to contraceptives among other things that would give women control over their lives (d. 1943)

1869 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian activist, journalist, and politician (d. 1962)

1886 – Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)

1906 – Hermione Baddeley, English actress (d. 1986)

1906 – Eva Zeisel, Hungarian-American industrial designer, known for her work with ceramics (d. 2011)

1907 – Giovanna of Italy, the last Tsaritsa of Bulgaria as wife of Boris III (d. 2000)

1924 – Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (d. 2011)

1928 – Helena Carroll, Scottish-American actress (d. 2013)

Deaths

Sophie Dorothea, Princess of Hanover with her children the future George II of Great Britain and Queen Sophie of Prussia, 1691, by Jacques Vaillant

Sophie Dorothea, Princess of Hanover with her children the future George II of Great Britain and Queen Sophie of Prussia, 1691, by Jacques Vaillant (source)

1345 – Constance of Peñafiel, Crown Princess of Portugal (b. 1323)

1726 – Sophia Dorothea of Celle, mother of George II of Great Britain (b. 1666)

1810Marie Joséphine of Savoy, Princess of Savoy, Countess of Provence, and Queen of France as wife of Louis XVIII (b. 1753)

1929 – Princess Viktoria of Prussia, Princess of Schaumburg-Lippe as wife of Prince Adolf  (b. 1866)

1952 – Margaret Wise Brown, American author (b. 1910)

1963 – Margaret Murray, British Egyptologist, anthropologist and feminist, worked closely with Sir Flinder Petrie in Egyptology, promoted the Witch-cult hypothesis which, although widely disputed, had an effect on the development of Neopagan religions including Wicca (b. 1863)

1967 – Harriet Cohen, British pianist (b. 1895)

1974 – Karen Silkwood, American workers’ rights and labor union activist who testified before the Atomic Energy Commission about safety violations at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron Fuel Fabrication Site in Oklahoma (b. 1946)

1975 – Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (b. 1910)

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