November 14

Events in Women’s History

Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman, a.k.a. Nellie Bly, 1890, courtesy Library of Congress

Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman, a.k.a. Nellie Bly, 1890 (source)

1889 –Journalist Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in seventy-two days.

1967 – The Congress of Colombia, in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as “Day of the Colombian Woman”.

1973 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey.

Births

Mamie Eisenhower, 1953, by thomas Stevens

Mamie Eisenhower, 1953, by Thomas Stevens (source)

1805Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (d. 1847)

1812 – Maria Cristina of Savoy, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies as wife of Ferdinand II (d. 1836)

1878 – Julie Manet, French painter (d. 1966)

1885 – Constance Rourke, American author and educator (d. 1941_

1895 – Louise Huff, American actress (d. 1973)

1896 – Mamie Eisenhower, wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 36th First Lady of the United States (d. 1979)

1904 – Marya Mannes, American author and critic (d. 1990)

1906 – Louise Brooks, American actress and dancer (d. 1985)

1907 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author and screenwriter (d. 2002)

1912 – Barbara Hutton, American philanthropist (d. 1979)

1915 – Martha Tilton, American singer (d. 2006)

1919 – Veronica Lake, American actress (d. 1973)

1919 – Lisa Otto, German soprano

1930 – Monique Mercure, Canadian actress

1934 – Catherine McGuinness, Irish judge

Deaths

1522Anne de Beaujeu, Duchess of Bourbon, daughter of Louis XI of France and Charlotte of Savoy. She acted as regent for her brother Charles VIII of France during his minority. (b. 1461)

1687Nell Gwyn, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1650)

1734 – Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, mistress of Charles II (b. 1649)

1817Policarpa Salavarrieta, seamstress and revolutionary spy during the Spanish Reconquista of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. She was captured by Spanish royalists and executed for high treason. She is considered a heroine of Columbian independence. (b. 1795)

1902Frances Fuller Victor, American historian and historical fiction writer, known for work related to the Pacific Northwest (b. 1826)

1914 – Isabel Orleans-Bragança, Princess Imperial of Brazil, While acting as regent for her father signed the Golden Law on May 13, 1888 which emancipated all slaves in Brazil. (b. 1846)

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Policarpa Salavarrieta, 1855, by José Espinosa Prieto

Policarpa Salavarrieta, 1855, by José Espinosa Prieto (source)

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