Events in Women’s History
1487 – Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen of England.
1755 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain grants royal protection to the Beaterio de la Compañia de Jesus, now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary, which was founded in 1684 by Venerable Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, a Filipino Roman Catholic pious laywoman.
1999 – The United Nations establishes the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women to commemorate the murder of three Mirabal Sisters for resistance against the Rafael Trujillo dictatorship in Dominican Republic.
1454 – Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, wife of James II of Cyprus (d. 1510)
1609 – Henrietta Maria of France, Queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as wife of Charles I (d. 1669)
1638 – Catherine of Braganza, Queen consort England, Scotland, and Ireland as wife of Charles II of England (d. 1705)
1697 – Maria Karolina Sobieska, Princess of Turenne and Duchess of Bouillon, daughter of Hedwig Elisabeth of Neuburg (d. 1740)
1778 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, English author (d. 1856)
1846 – Carrie Nation, American temperance worker; she was a proponent of using vandalism to get her point across and was famous for using a hatchet to destroy saloons. (d. 1911)
1865 – Catherine “Kate” Gleason, American engineer, businesswoman and philanthropist, first woman admitted to full membership in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, helped start eight companies including a construction company and her own Ingle Machining Company (d. 1933)
1876 – Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse and Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodorovna of Russia both by marriage (d. 1936)
1880 – Elsie J. Oxenham, pseudonym of Elsie Jeanette Dunkerley, British author (d. 1960)
1895 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American poet (d. 1986)
1900 – Helen Gahagan Douglas, American actress and politician, Representative for California to the US House of Representatives (d. 1980)
1904 – Lillian Copeland, American discus thrower and Olympic medalist (d. 1964)
1922 – Shelagh Fraser, British actress (d. 2000)
1922 – Gloria Lasso, Spanish-born singer (d. 2005)
1938 – Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress (d. 2009)
1939 – Eleni Karaindrou, Greek composer
1916 – Inez Milholland, labor lawyer, suffragist, WWI correspondent and orator; she is known for leading the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 on a white horse. (b. 1886)
1965 – Dame Myra Hess, British pianist (b. 1890)