November 5

Events in Women’s History

Harper Lee receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George W. Bush on Nov. 5, 2007

Harper Lee receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George W. Bush on Nov. 5, 2007 (source)

1872 – Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time along with sixteen other women. She is later tried and convicted of voting illegally and fined $100, a fine she refused to pay.

1968 – Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African-American woman elected to Congress.

1974 – Ella T. Grasso becomes the first woman governor in the United States without succeeding her husband.

1977 – Laura Lane Welch, future First Lady of the United States, marries George W. Bush.

2007 – Harper Lee receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her contribution to the character of the nation through To Kill a Mockingbird

Births

Ida Tarbell, 1904

Ida Tarbell c. 1904 (source)

1807 – Eliza Chappell Porter, first public school teacher in Chicago at Fort Dearborn, member of US Sanitary Commission during the Civil War, abolitionist (d. 1888)

1834Anna Leonowens, British travel writer, educator and social activist, best known for her novel Anna and the King of Siam (d. 1915)

1850 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)

1857Ida Tarbell, American journalist, editor of McLure magazine, known primarily for her series of articles on the History of the Standard Oil Company (d. 1944)

1900 – Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)

1911 – Baby Marie Osborne, American actress, one of the first child silent film stars (d. 2010)

1913Vivien Leigh, British stage and film actress, recipient of two Academy Awards for Best Actress, known for her role as Scarlett O’Hara in Gone with the Wind and Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire  (d. 1967)

1917 – Jacqueline Auriol, French pilot (d. 2000)

1921 – Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Queen of Iran as first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (d. 2013)

1922 – Violet Barclay, American illustrator and pioneering comic-book artist (d. 2010)

1923 – Mary Crisp, American Republican politician and Republican National Convention co-chair, publicly rebuked by Ronald Reagan for her support of the Equal Rights Amendment and opposition to a constitutional ban on abortion. (d. 2007)

1940 – Elke Sommer, German actress

Deaths

1660 – Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle (b. 1599)

1807 – Angelica Kauffman, Swiss-born Austrian painter (b. 1741)

1828 – Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), Empress consort of all the Russias as wife of Paul I (b. 1759)

1921 – Antoinette Brown Blackwell, first officially ordained female minister in the United States and women’s rights activist (b. 1825)

1968 – Christina Kalogerikou, Greek actress (b. 1885)

1975 – Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer (b. 1887)

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Maria Feodorovna by Jean-Louis Voille, 1790s

Maria Feodorovna by Jean-Louis Voille, 1790s (source)

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