Events in Women’s History
656 – Aisha bint Abu-Bakr, widow of the Prophet Muhammad, leads forces into battle in what became known as the Battle of the Camel, part of the first Islamic civil war.
1619 – Elizabeth Stuart is crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1893 – Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.
1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
1990 – Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States.
1847 – Charlotte “Lotta” Crabtree, American actress, comedian and philanthropist (d. 1924)
1867 – Marie Skłodowska Curie, Polish-born French chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics (1903) and Chemistry (1911) (d. 1934)
1878 – Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist (d. 1968)
1881 – Eleanor Medill “Cissy” Patterson, American journalist, newspaper editor, publisher and owner of the Washington Times-Herald (d. 1948)
1893 – Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
1893 – Margaret Leech, American author, historian and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1974)
1901 – Norah McGuinness, Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
1903 – Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)
1909 – Ruby Hurley, American civil rights activist and administrator for the NAACP (d. 1980)
1918 – Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese singer (d. 1993)
1919 – Ellen Stewart, American director and producer (d. 2011)
1926 – Joan Sutherland, Australian soprano (d. 2010)
1936 – Gwyneth Jones, Welsh soprano
1936 – Audrey McLaughlin, Canadian politician, the first female leader of a political party with representation in the Canadian House of Commons
1713 – Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
1944 – Hannah Szenes, Hungarian-born British army officer. She was captured while attempting to rescue Hungarian Jews about to be deported to Auschwitz. After refusing to give details of her mission under torture, she was executed by firing squad. (b. 1921)
1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, American politician and First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
2000 – Ingrid of Sweden, Queen consort of Denmark as wife of Frederick IX, mother of and regent in her absence for Queen Margrethe II (b. 1910)