November 8

Events in Women’s History

Mary Lyon (source)

Mary Lyon (source)

1837 – Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College.

 

Births

Lettice Knollys as Countess of Leicester, c. 1585 by George Gower

Lettice Knollys as Countess of Leicester, c. 1585 by George Gower (source)

1342 – Julian of Norwich, Christian mystic and author. Her Revelations of Divine Love is believed to be the earliest surviving book written by a woman in the English language. (the exact date of her birth and death c. 1416 are unknown)

1543 – Lettice Knollys, Countess of Essex and Countess of Leicester, wife of Elizabeth I’s favorite Robert Dudley (d. 1634)

1710 – Sarah Fielding, British author (d. 1768)

1715 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (d. 1797)

1768 – Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, daughter of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1840)

1777 – Désirée Clary, Queen of Sweden and Norway as wife of Charles XIV John of (d. 1860)

1836 – Maria Kraus-Boelte, pioneer of Fröbel education in the United States, promoted kindergarten training at university level (d. 1918)

1857 – Kate Sessions, American botanist, horticulturalist and landscape architect, known as the “Mother of Balboa Park” (d. 1940)

1885 – Eva Morris, British super-centenarian (d. 2000)

1897 – Dorothy Day, American journalist and activist, helped to establish the Catholic Worker movement (d. 1980)

1898 – Marie Prevost, Canadian film actress (d. 1937)

1900 – Margaret Mitchell, American author of Gone With the Wind (d. 1949)

1908 – Martha Gellhorn, American journalist, travel writer, novelist and war correspondent  (d. 1998)

1920 – Esther Rolle, American actress, best known for her role of Florida Evans on CBS television sitcoms Maude and Good Times  (d. 1998)

1927 – Patti Page, American singer and actress (d. 2013)

1932 – Stéphane Audran, French actress

1936 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress

Deaths

Madame Roland (artist unknown)

Madame Roland (source)

1793Marie-Jeanne Phlippon Roland, better known as Madame Roland, a supporter of the French Revolution and the Girondist faction. She was executed by guillotine. (b. 1754)

1948 – Genevieve Taggard, American poet (b. 1894)

1965 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American journalist (b. 1913)

1979 – Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (b. 1900)

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