October 12

Events in Women’s History

Etching of Jeanne and Jacques Gernerin by Christoph Haller von Hallerstein c. 1803

Etching of Jeanne and Jacques Gernerin by Christoph Haller von Hallerstein c. 1803 (source)

1692 – The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor William Phips.

1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse was the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters. The parachute was designed by her husband.

1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium

Births

Frances Dana Barker Gage

Frances Dana Barker Gage (source)

1808 – Frances Dana Barker Gage, American reformer, abolitionist and suffragist, worked closely with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (d. 1884)

1840 – Helena Modjeska, Polish actress (d. 1909)

1860 – Mabel Thorp Boardman, philanthropist and leader in the American Red Cross (d. 1946)

1891 – Edith Stein, Saint Teresia Benedicta of the Cross, Catholic philosopher and nun, patron saint of Europe (d. 1942)

1894Elisabeth of Romania, Queen consort of Greece as wife of George II (d. 1956)

1889 – Perle Reid Mesta, socialite, US Ambassador to Luxembourg (1949-1953), (d. 1975)

1908 – Ann Petry, American author (d. 1997)

1913 – Alice Chetwynd Ley, English author (d. 2004)

1916 – Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)

1924 – Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)

1925 – Essie Mae Washington-Williams, American educator and author (d. 2013)

Deaths

1845Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist, specifically known for prison reform (b. 1780)

1915 – Edith Cavell, British nurse executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium (b. 1865)

1948 – Susan Sutherland Isaacs, British psychologist (b. 1885)

1969 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)

2012Sigrid Green, British WWII spy and code breaker at Bletchley Park in England (b. 1922) Note: The article is dated Oct 15, 2012 and the Friday before was Oct 12, so I’m assuming that is the date of her death.

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Edith Cavell

Edith Cavell (source)

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