October 15

Events in Women’s History

Publicity photo of John Wayne and Lucille Ball from "I Love Lucy", 1955

Publicity photo of John Wayne and Lucille Ball from “I Love Lucy”, 1955 (source)

1951 – The first episode of I Love Lucy, airs on CBS. It was an American television sitcom starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance, and William Frawley.

Births

Marie of Prussia by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1843

Marie of Prussia by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1843 (source)

1701Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, Canadian nun, founded Grey Nuns (d. 1771)

1711Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia  (d. 1741)

1825 – Marie of Prussia, Queen of Bavaria as wife of Maximilian II, mother of kings Ludwig II and Otto (d. 1889)

1830 – Helen Hunt Jackson, American author, poet and activist on behalf of improved treatment of Native Americans by the US Government (d. 1885)

1872 – Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, businesswoman and First Lady of the United States as the second wife of Woodrow Wilson (d. 1961)

1879 – Jane Darwell, American actress (d. 1967)

1906 – Alicia Patterson, American publisher, founder and editor of Newsday (d. 1963)

1906 – Victoria Spivey, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1976)

1912 – Nellie Lutcher, American singer and pianist (d. 2007)

1921 – Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian table-tennis player, one of the most successful players in the history of the sport; she won many world championship matches. (d. 2006)

1922 – Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese author

1924 – Marguerite Andersen, German-Canadian author and educator

1925 – Aurora Bautista, Spanish actress (d. 2012)

1942 – Penny Marshall, actor, director and producer. She directed Big, the first film directed by a woman to gross in excess of $100 million at the US box office

Deaths

1917Mata Hari, Margaretha Geertruida “M’greet” Zelle MacLeod, Dutch dancer, courtesan and accused spy. She was executed by firing squad in France (b. 1876)

1923 – Mary Burnett Talbert, African-American orator, activist, suffragist and reformer; although she worked to develop women’s clubs and leadership among black women, she was an early advocate of women of all colors working together to advance the cause of women’s rights. (b. 1866)

1948 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)

1960 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)

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Mata Hari postcard, 1906

Mata Hari postcard, 1906 (source)

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