Events in Women’s History
1740 – Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honor the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1853 – Caroline Lavinia Scott, future First Lady of the United States, marries Benjamin Harrison.
1968 – Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
1700 – Charlotte Aglaé d’Orléans, Duchess of Modena and Reggio as wife of Francesco III (d. 1761)
1740 – Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet, known as Belle van Zuylen in the Netherlands, known mostly for her letters; she wrote about society and politics of the time. (d. 1805)
1780 – Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (d. 1825)
1832 – Ellen Hardin Walworth, American author, lawyer, historic preservationist (d. 1915)
1862 – Maud Nathan, American social worker, activist and suffragist (d. 1946)
1873 – Nellie McClung, Canadian politician and activist (d. 1951)
1882 – Margaret Dumont, American comedic actress, known primarily for her work with Groucho Marx (d. 1965)
1894 – Olive Thomas, American silent actress and model, known primarily for the scandal surrounding her death, one of the first highly publicized in Hollywood (d. 1920)
1901 – Adelaide Hall, American singer, actress, and dancer. She was based primarily in the UK from 1938 until her death. (d. 1993)
1904 – Dame Anna Neagle, British stage, film actress and singer, a favorite in Britain and one of the biggest female box-office draws for 25 years, known for playing real-life women such as Nell Gwynn, Queen Victoria and Edith Cavell (d. 1986)
1907 – Arlene Francis, American actress and talk show host (d. 2001)
1927 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, columnist, and actress (d. 2013)
1934 – Empress Michiko, Empress consort of Japan as wife of Emperor Akihito, she was the first commoner to marry into the Japanese imperial family
1937 – Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1940 – Kathy Kirby, British singer (d. 2011)
460 – Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine wife of Theodosius II (b. 401)
1842 – Grace Darling, British heroine, famous for participating in the rescue of survivors of the shipwrecked Forfarshire in 1838 (b. 1815)
1936 – Anne Sullivan, American educator, teacher and companion of Helen Keller (b. 1866)