October 26

Events in Women’s History

Margaret Sanger on the court house steps in Brooklyn in 1917 (source)

Margaret Sanger on the court house steps in Brooklyn in 1917 (source)

1916 – Nine days after opening the first family planning and birth control clinic in NYC, Margaret Sanger was arrested for distributing contraceptives. The publicity surrounding her arrest, trial, and appeal sparked activism and earned support across the country for the cause.

1967 – Farah Pahlavi crowned Empress consort of Iran making her the only person to hold the office since pre-Islamic Iran. She held the position until her exile in 1979.

Births

Tennessee Claflin

Tennessee Claflin (source)

1797 Giuditta Pasta, Italian operatic soprano; she began her career as a contralto and became a soprano sfogato, basically a mezzo-soprano who could sing a soprano range and dip back into her contralto range as well. (d. 1865)

1818 – Elizabeth Payson Prentiss, American author, known for the words to the hymn “More Love to Thee, O Christ” and the novel Stepping Heavenward (d. 1878)

1833 – Adelaide Phillips, British-born, American opera singer (d. 1882)

1837 – Louisa Lee Schuyler, established first training school for nurses in the US in conjunction with Bellevue Hospital. In 1915 awarded the first honorary LL.D. degree given to a woman by Columbia University. (d. 1926)

1845 – Tennessee Celeste Claflin, reformer and suffragist. She and her sister Victoria Woodhull were the first women to open a Wall Street brokerage firm. (d. 1923)

1874 – Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, American philanthropist, known for her influential role in the establishment of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City (d. 1948)

1902 – Beryl Markham, British-born Kenyan pilot, horse trainer and author, first woman to fly east to west solo across the Atlantic, known for her memoir West With the Night (d. 1986)

1911 – Mahalia Jackson, American gospel singer and civil rights activist, referred to as “The Queen of Gospel” (d. 1972)

1918 – Baby Peggy, American child actress, as an adult an author and silent film historian working under the name Diana Serra Cary, advocate for child actor’s rights

1922 – Madelyn Dunham, American grandmother of Barack Obama (d. 2008)

1947 – Hillary Rodham Clinton, First Lady of the United States, senator, US Secretary of State

Deaths

Gerty Radnitz Cori c. 1947, National Institutes of Health (source)

Gerty Radnitz Cori c. 1947, National Institutes of Health (source)

1580 – Anne of Austria, Queen consort of Spain as wife of Philip II (b. 1549)

1879 – Angelina Emily Grimké Weld, American abolitionist, women’s rights advocate and suffragist. She left her slave-holding southern family to live in the north and fight against slavery. (b. 1805)

1902Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American activist (b. 1815)

1918 – Ella Flagg Young, American educator, first woman preisdent of the National Association of Teachers (b. 1845)

1932 – Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist (b. 1867)

1944 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (b. 1857)

1952 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress and singer (b. 1895)

1957Gerty Radnitz Cori, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 1947 (b. 1896)

1962 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)

1963 – Elizabeth Gunn, New Zealand pioneering pediatrician (b. 1879)

1966 – Alma Cogan, British singer, highest paid British female entertainer of her time (b. 1932)

2001 – Princess Soraya of Iran, Queen of Iran as second wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (b. 1932)

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