September 10

Events in Women’s History

Empress Elisabeth of Austria on her coronation day, June 8, 1867. Photo: Emil Rabending.

Empress Elisabeth of Austria on her coronation day, June 8, 1867 Emil Rabending (source)

1898 – Elizabeth of Austria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.

1946 – Sister Teresa Bojaxhiu of the Loreto Sisters’ Convent, later known as Mother Teresa, hears the call of God directing her “to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them”.

Births

Alice Brown Davis, 1902

Alice Brown Davis in 1902 (source)

1638 – Maria Theresa of Spain, Queen of France and Navarre as wife of Louis XIV, known for her virtue and piety (d. 1683)

1740 – Mary Willing Byrd, American plantation owner; she managed her husband’s properties after his death and was charged with trading with the enemy after trying to regain property seized by the British (d. 1814)

1758Hannah Webster Foster, American author, known for her first novel The Coquette; or The History of Eliza Wharton (d. 1840)

1801 – Marie Laveau, American voodoo practitioner (d. 1881)

1852 – Alice Brown Davis, American chief of the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma, postmistress, business owner, Superintendent of the Seminole Nation’s girl’s school (d. 1935)

1860 – Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-Swiss painter, salon hostess and co-founder of artist groups in Munich and Switzerland, known for Expressionism (d. 1938)

1877 – Katherine Sophie Dreier, American artist, educator, patron of the arts and social reformer, known for abstract art (d. 1952)

1882 – Flora Dodge “Fola” La Follette, women’s suffrage, labor activist, actress and author, contributing editor to La Follette’s Weekly Magazine; known for her quote “A good husband is not a substitute for the ballot.” (d. 1970)

1886 – Hilda “ H.D.” Doolittle, American poet and novelist, known for avant-garde Imagist poetry, literary editor of the Egoist journal, known for incorporation of Greek mythology and natural scenes in her poetry and as an icon in the gay rights and feminist movements (d. 1961)

1890 – Elsa Schiaparelli, Italian fashion designer, one of the most prominent designers between the World Wars along with her rival Coco Chanel. Mae West was one of her clients. (d. 1973)

1926 – Beryl Cook, OBE, British painter, known for highly original paintings of people enjoying themselves in various venues, self-taught (d. 2008)

1935 – Mary Oliver, American poet, recipient of the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize

1948 – Margaret Trudeau, Canadian actress, author, photographer and talk show host, wife of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau

Deaths

Émilie du Châtelet by Maurice Quentin de La Tour (source)

Émilie du Châtelet by Maurice Quentin de La Tour (source)

1167 – Empress Matilda, Holy Roman Empress as wife of Henry V, claimant to the English throne as daughter of Henry I of England, sometimes called the “Lady of the English” or Empress Maud (b. 1102)

1669 – Henrietta Maria of France, Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as wife of Charles I, mother or Charles II and James II  (b. 1609)

1749Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician, physicist and author, known for her translation and commentary on Newton’s Principia Mathematica, known also as Voltaire’s lover who said that she was “a great man whose only fault was being a woman” (b. 1706)

1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English author, philosopher and women’s rights advocate, known for A Vindication of the Rights of Women (b. 1759)

1842 – Letitia Christian Tyler, First Lady of the United States as wife of John Tyler (b. 1790)

1898 – Empress Elisabeth of Austria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary as wife of Franz Joseph I, also known as Sisi (b. 1837)

1973 – Cornelia Meigs, American author, recipient of the Newbery Medal for her biography of Louise May Alcott Invicible Louisa (b. 1884)

1983 – Alice Huyler Ramsey; in 1909, she was the first woman to drive across the US from coast-to-coast. (b. 1886)

1983 – Norah Lofts, British author, known primarily for historical fiction, recipient of the National Book Award (from the American Booksellers Association); a number of her books were made into films.(b. 1904)

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