Events in Women’s History
1988 – National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
1962 – Rachel Carson’s book, Silent Spring, is published. In it she demonstrates the connection between the use of DDT and the long-term effects on plants and animals.
823 – Ermentrude of Orléans, Queen of the Franks by her marriage to Charles the Bald (d. 869)
1657 – Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia (d. 1704)
1772 – Martha Jefferson Randolph, American daughter of Thomas Jefferson, occasionally served as hostess at the White House for her father (d. 1836)
1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, American sister of Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1933)
1866 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian saint (d. 1932)
1871 – Grazia Deledda, Italian author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
1874 – Myrtle Reed, author, poet, journalist and philanthropist. Published under the pseudonym Olive Green.
1886 – Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin, American missionary to China, known for saving the lives of many women and girls when the Japanese invaded Nanjing in 1937 (d. 1941)
1920 – Jayne Meadows, American actress and author
1929 – Barbara Murray, English actress
1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American poet and author
1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer, won 88 LPGA tournaments in her career
1940 – Fatema Mernissi, Moroccan sociologist and scholar, one of the founders of Islamic feminism (d. 2015)
1615 – Lady Arbella Stuart, English wife of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset (b. 1575)
1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (b. 1890)
1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American golfer (b. 1911)
1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English activist (b. 1882)
1965 – Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)