September 3

Events in Women’s History

1944 – Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where they arrived three days later.


Diane de Poitiers, artist unknown

Diane de Poitiers (source)

1499 – Diane de Poitiers, French noblewoman and courtier, mistress of Henry II of France (d. 1566)

1803 – Prudence Crandall, American educator, official State Heroine of Connecticut, established a private school for girls which was boycotted when she admitted an African American student; this is considered the first integrated classroom in the United States. (d. 1890)

1824 – Caroline Soule, American author, poet, editor and ordained minister, co-founder of the Women’s Centenary Aid Association, Universalist Church of American missionary (d. 1903)

1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American author, known for her works set on the southern seacoast of Maine (d. 1909)

1851 – Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Grand Duchess of Russia, wife of George I of Greece, briefly regent of Greece after the death of her grandson King Alexander of Greece (d. 1926)

1868 – Mary Follett, American social worker and management consultant, pioneer in the fields of organizational theory and behavior (d. 1933)

1897 – Sally Benson, American screenwriter and short story author, known for her collected stories titled Junior Miss which were published in The New Yorker and adapted for Broadway and radio (d. 1972)

1910 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and singer, known as a regular panelist on the game show To Tell the Truth, recipient of the National Medal of the Arts and inductee into the American Theater Hall of Fame (d. 2007)

1920Tereska Torrès, French author, known for her best-selling novel Women’s Barracks a fictionalized account of her experiences during the war and the first pulp fiction to address Lesbian relationships (d. 2012)

1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American journalist, war correspondent during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War (d. 1966)

1925 – Shoista Mullojonova, Tajik-born Bukharian Jewish singer, known for Middle Eastern and Shashmakom music (d. 2010)

1926 – Alison Lurie, American author and English professor, known for her Pulitzer Prize winning novel Foreign Affairs

1930 – Cherry Wilder, pseudonym for Cherry Barbara Grimm, New Zealand author, known for science fiction and fantasy including the Torin Trilogy (d. 2002)


1467 – Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress as wife of Frederick III, mother of Emperor Maximilian I (b. 1434)

1651 Kösem Sultan, wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, mother of Murad IV and Ibrahim I, acted formally as regent of the empire twice (b. 1589)

1711Élisabeth Sophie Chéron, French painter, poet, musician and academic (b. 1648)

1917 – Ecaterina Teodoroiu, Romanian soldier, fought and died during WWI (b. 1894)

1986 – Beryl Markham, British-born Kenyan pilot, horse trainer, and author, first woman to fly across the Atlantic from east to west, one of the first bush pilots, known for her memoir West with the Night (b. 1902)

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Eleanor of Portugal by Hans Burgkmair

Eleanor of Portugal by Hans Burgkmair (source)

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